Paris “Kultura” logo 1 December 2020

1983

Jerzy Giedroyc mobilizes financial aid for the Polish underground, principally the opposition press and distribution networks. Collection of Józef Czapski’s essays Patrząc (Looking), selected by Joanna Pollakówna – and with some attention from the censor – published in Poland by Znak publishing house.
 
POLAND
National income is down by 25 per cent compared to 1978. Grzegorz Przemyk is murdered at a milicja (police) station in Warsaw. Martial Law is lifted.
 
WORLD
Lech Wałęsa is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 
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