Paris “Kultura” logo 24 September 2020

1983

Jerzy Giedroyc mobilizes financial aid for the Polish underground, principally the opposition press and distribution networks. Collection of Józef Czapski’s essays Patrząc (Looking), selected by Joanna Pollakówna – and with some attention from the censor – published in Poland by Znak publishing house.
 
POLAND
National income is down by 25 per cent compared to 1978. Grzegorz Przemyk is murdered at a milicja (police) station in Warsaw. Martial Law is lifted.
 
WORLD
Lech Wałęsa is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 
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