Paris “Kultura” logo 12 November 2019

1996

Gustaw Herling-Grudziński parts company with Kultura and transfers publication of his Dziennik pisany nocą (Diary Written By Night) to the Polish newspaper Rzeczpospolita. The stated cause of the rift was Giedroyc’s refusal to publish his article that was severely critical of contemporary Polish realities. Jerzy Giedroyc celebrates his 90th birthday. Polish President Aleksander Kwaśniewski visits Maisons-Laffitte and meets Giedroyc.

POLAND
The Olin Affair – Prime Minister Józef Oleksy is suspected of spying and resigns. Michael Jackson concert is held in Warsaw. The Polish lottery is transmitted on television for the first time.

WORLD
Wisława Szymborska is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Freiburg University awards Jerzy Giedroyc an honorary doctorate.

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