Zofia Hertz and Józef Czapski. Corneille, 1948. / Sygn. FIL00141 / © Instytut Literacki


Aleksander Janta-Połczyński’s account “Wracam z Polski” (My Return from Poland) appears in issue no. 13 of Kultura, causing great controversy in Polish émigré circles and virulent attacks on the journal. Andrzej Bobkowski departs for Guatemala.
Polish United Workers’ Party (Communist Party) is formed. World Congress of Intellectuals in Defence of Peace is held in Wrocław. Captain Witold Pilecki, anti-Nazi war hero, is executed by the communist regime.
State of Israel comes into being, and is immediately attacked by its Arab neighbours. Economic Cooperation Act (Marshall Plan) is passed by US Congress. Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated. Communist coup in Czechoslovakia. National Health Service is created in the United Kingdom. United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.


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