Jagiellonian University awards Jerzy Giedroyc an honorary doctorate. The award ceremony takes place in Paris.
Gustaw Herling-Grudziński travels to Poland for the first time since 1939, where he receives an honorary doctorate from the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Death of Stefan Kisielewski. First fully free parliamentary elections.
Estonia and Ukraine declare independence, continuing the disintegration of the USSR. Boris Yeltsin becomes president of the Russian Republic in free elections. Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as Soviet president and the USSR dissolves, its remaining former constituent parts forming the Confederation of Independent States.