Obwoluta "Legionów" Henryka Sienkiewicza. Pierwsza książka wydana przez Instytut Literacki. Rzym, połowa czerwca 1946 r. / Sygn. sm00282 / © Instytut Literacki


28 September – General Władysław Anders establishes the Literary Institute in  Rome under the aegis of the 2nd Polish Corps. 

4 October – General Anders appoints Jerzy Giedroyc director of the Institute. Gustaw Herling-Grudziński as well as Zofia and Zygmunt Hertz are appointed to its staff.
People’s Referendum (Three Times Yes). 
Kielce pogrom. The state takes over industrial production.
Deportation of ethnic German population from Polish post-war territory.
Nuremberg Trial verdicts. Winston Churchill delivers his Iron Curtain speech in Fulton, Missouri.
Full-scale civil war breaks out in China.
Juan Peron is installed as Argentine president.