Marek Hłasko takes up residence in Maisons-Laffitte.
Hanna Szarzyńska-Rewska receives a three-year prison sentence for circulating Kultura. The writer Melchior Wańkowicz returns to live in Poland.
Imre Nagy, Hungarian prime minister during the 1956 Uprising, is executed following a secret trial. French Fifth Republic is established, General Charles de Gaulle becomes president. Pope John XXIII is elected. Boris Pasternak is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. USSR space probe Lunik III photographs dark side of the Moon.