Aleksander Sołżenicyn, 1953 / Sygn. FIL00592 / © Instytut Literacki


Jerzy Giedroyc and Józef Czapski meet in Zurich with Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, who agrees to have The Gulag Archipelago published by the Institute without royalties. The Institute’s publications include Śledztwo (The Investigation) by T. Staliński (Stefan Kisielewski), Gdzie wschodzi słońce i kędy zapada (Where the Sun Rises and Where it Sets) by Czesław Miłosz, and The Gulag Archipelago 1918–1956 by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.
The Trasa Łazienkowska east–west through-route in Warsaw is opened.
Richard Nixon resigns as president of the United States and is succeeded by his vice president, Gerald Ford. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is arrested and exiled from the USSR. Poland attains third place in the Football World Cup.